How To Install a Blank Patch Panel | Pass-Through Patch Panel Installation | Patch Panel Termination

In this video I show you how to terminate a patch panel with blank square holes for keystones. These are my favorite kind of patch panels. They may also be called a pass-through patch panel. This is something you’ll see a lot as an independent contractor tech in the information technology field.

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Video Transcript:

This is

Michael with Field

Tech Academy.

In today’s video,

I’m going to

show you how

I terminate a pass

through

patch panel.

Or maybe better

describe it

as a patch panel

with blank square

holes in it

that you just do

keystones with.

It is

one of the

easiest types

of patch panels.

I’m also going

to show you

a couple of tricks

that I use

when I am

running my cables,

so that when I

get to the point

of terminating

the patch panel,

I can look

at my cables

and I know,

okay,

this cable goes to

this room,

this cable

goes to this

room, etc..

So let’s

get into it.

I ran  cables

at the site.

They wanted

black cable,

of course,

black cables

hard to mark

with a Sharpie.

got a set

of electrical tape

with different

colors.

I was able

to go through,

and obviously

I’ve got  cables,

I only have

five colors.

the first

set of cables

and I ran,

the first five

I just did

a single wrap.

After that

I started doing

a two wrap.

So two green,

three green,

three blue,

two blue single.

You get the idea.

And then as I

pull it

out of the box,

I put tape

on the box

so I know which box

it came out of.

So once I got

the cable

pulled all the way

to the destination,

came back here,

and I can

actually cut it

at the box,

tape it

the same on

this end.

And then I knew

which cables are

which.

I don’t

have to tone

and trace them.

Now I’m

going to make

a service

loop up in

the ceiling.

Here I am

coiling up

a couple

rounds of cable

to create a service

loop.

Now, a service loop

serves

a couple

of purposes,

the main

one being that

you’ve got

a failsafe.

If you make a mistake,

then you have

a little bit

of spare cable

to unwrap

and pull back down.

Then of course

for future use,

if someone comes in

behind me in a year

or two

and needs

to move the rack

or make changes,

or shift

the patch

panel down

at a lower point

in the

network rack,

then they have

the ability

to have some extra

cable with

which to do that.

So I’ve got

my service loop

in the ceiling.

Now I’m

pulling my cables

in through the rack

so that

I can have a

nice little

cable path,

and then I’m going

to start

terminating the

patch panel.

I’ll put this up

in the

ceiling later.

But at least

now I’ve

got it

coiled off

and ready

so that

my distances

will all be

the same.

I’ve got this

low enough

so that I can

actually see

all of my colors.

I’ve went around

the facility

and marked,

all of my cables.

Looked at what my

color code was,

labeled them

all in order.

So they all flow

around the building

in a logical

fashion.

Now, I know

using my map

which ones I’m

going to put in

port one, two,

three, four, etc.

I can start

terminating the

patch panel.

This is a

brand new rack.

So I’m

having to put

the nuts

into the rack

so that

I can attach

the patch panel.

While I’m

at it, I’m

actually attaching

the nuts

for my switches

and my other

pieces of equipment

so that I’m

ready to go.

Now I’m going to

mount up my

patch panel,

but I’m going to

just finger thread

my nuts

because I

don’t want to

have this tight

until I get

all four points

attached.

Then you can

actually tighten it

down.

I have a lot

of slack

left in my cables,

and I did that

on purpose

because I’d rather

cut off

extra cable

than to end up

at this point

needing

more length.

The first thing

I want to do

here is

take my number

one cable,

and I’m going to

lay it out

and estimate

the length,

and we’re going

to pull it

through the

patch panel.

This is a

passthrough

patch panel

and get it ready.

And I’m going

to use it

as a template

to shorten up all

my other cables.

When I’m making

the decision

on where

to cut this,

I want to make sure

that I’ve got

my  degree turns

and I have

left enough

so I can cut off

and strip down

for my keystone.

bringing this

cable over

from the side

all the way

across to one means

that this is

going to be

my longest cable,

so I know

I can use it

as a template

so I can shorten

all this up.

So I’m not

fighting with it

all day.

Before you cut,

you want to

make sure

you’ve got

your service loop

in the ceiling.

You want to

make sure

that you’ve got

whatever

you’re going

to do here.

For your back side

where you’re going

to make your hole.

Then you calculate

your distance.

And you know

you’re safe.

Then

all the rest of

them should be

shorter

than this one.

If you’ve never

seen a pass through

patch panel.

These things

are amazing.

As you can see,

once I identify

my cable.

I can bring it

through and start

planning my

cable management.

Now I look

at my cables,

I look at my tape

markings so I know

which cable goes

to port one, port

two, etc.

and then I’m

going to

position them

and get them ready

so

I can cut them off

and put two

keystones on it.

And I said this

was a passthrough

patch panel.

It’s actually

a patch panel

that has blank

square holes,

and it allows you

to take

your keystones

in from the back

and just snap

them into place.

I should be done

in the ceiling.

So I’m going to

cut my tile

to allow that cable

to come through.

Since this is

sitting on

the wall,

I’m going to

have to cut at this

paint line here.

All right.

Now we’ve got

our tile back.

We can start cable

managing down here.

We should be done

on the ceiling.

Making progress.

You want to bring

your cables in

from the edge.

And not just

bring them

straight through.

Because you may

have equipment

that sits

up on top,

that this is

going to block.

If it’s right

here in the middle.

As much as

possible.

I try to use

Velcro.

ZIP ties can pinch

the cables

and create problems

down the road.

But what I’m

doing in

this moment

is just temporarily

putting in

a zip tie

to hold it

in its place,

and I can still

work with the cable

and move it around,

and then later

I’ll replace it

with Velcro

and make it more

nice and tidy.

We’ve got a coil

in the ceiling.

Now we have a good

cable path.

Now, all I have

to do is terminate

the keystone.

And beauty

of this pass

through style

is that

I can take this out

and work with it,

put a

keystone on it

and the snap in

and I’m done.

I don’t have to

flip the patch

panel around

and punch it

by hand

every single time.

Every brand

has their own

all in one tool.

I happen

to use QuikJack.

You’ll slide

the jack in,

and it’ll terminate

all eight

conductors

at the same time.

Saves you

from a lot of

punching down

and wearing

your arm out.

whatever brand

that you like

to use.

Find their

all in one tool.

Make your life

much easier.

I’m going to pull

my cable out

and now I’m

going to strip it

back.

You can obviously

use scissors.

I like

to use

a pre-made

stripper, though.

It seems

to be a lot

safer

for not cutting

the internal pairs.

Over the years,

when I’ve tried

to use scissors

on the outside

jacket, many times,

I’ve actually

ended up

cutting

the internal

conductors.

And then you don’t

discover it

until you’re

doing testing

and you got to redo

the whole thing.

So in

my opinion, it’s

just a lot easier

to use a stripper

that is designed

specifically

for Cat and Cat.

Once

you’ve stripped

the outer jacket,

Depending on which

brand and

type of cable

you have,

you may have

a thread

in the cable,

and you may

also have

a plastic strip

that is in the cable.

You want to

actually

cut those off

and get those

out of the way.

Then you’ll

separate your

eight conductors.

I always try to

keep my colors

together.

You know,

like my blue, white

and my blue, green,

white and green

a lot of the cable

brands.

The colors

are very,

very faded,

just not bold

where you can

easily tell

what they are.

So keeping

your pairs

close together

keeps you

from crossing over

maybe like

the brown

and the green

or something

like that.

Then once

you’ve got

your pairs

separated,

you’re going to

take your keystone.

And your every

keystone

is different,

every brand

is different,

but they’re

all going to have

the color

layout on the side.

You just need

to make sure

that you’re

looking at

your keystone

and look at the

color layout,

and make sure

that you’re

matching your pairs

to the layout.

And we’re typically

using the

B standard.

A standard is not

typically used

in most cases.

Once you have

all eight

conductors laid in,

use your

all in one tool.

And just like that,

your punched down.

On the patch panels

just bring it in

from the back.

Clip side down.

There you go.

Rinse and repeat

 times

or however

many cables

you have.

You want to bring

the end

of the jacket

right up

to the base

of the keystone.

You do not want

a lot

of your cable

conductors

to be exposed.

You want as little

of that

exposed cable

as possible.

If you have long

tails before you

punch it down,

that’s not

a big deal.

You’re going

to take

each one

individually

and make sure

you match up

the colors

like we’ve talked

about before.

Lay them all

across.

That way

you’re prepared

for your punch down

or your punch

down tool.

And in this case,

with our nice

all in one,

we’re just going

to slide that

in and crimp

all eight

conductors

at the same time.

Throw away

the tails.

And as you

can see that

jacket is right up

at the keystone.

Always remember

to put your

retaining clip

on the keystone.

It’s

very important.

That keeps

the pairs

from pulling loose

as easily

if that cable

ever gets

pulled on.

Now we just rinse

and repeat over

and over again

for

every single cable

until we get

all of them

punched down

and attached

to the patch panel.

Then we can

start testing

to verify

we punch

everything down

correctly.

Moment of truth.

Time to

start testing

and see how

well I terminated

everything.

And

we got a pass…

on one.

Found one

that tested bad.

So we’re

going to see

how we

mis-wired it.

Oh, there it is.

I got the

green white

and the brown

white mixed up.

Let’s go re-test.

That one is

good now.

if you’d like to

see the video

where I actually

install

the backboard

and the

network rack

that you see

in this video.

At the end here,

there’s going to be

two cards above.

One of those cards

will be

that backboard

installation video.

and if you’re

curious to just see

some other examples

of service calls

that you can see

on Field

Nation

and WorkMarket

and these

other platforms,

there will be

another card

that shows

a playlist

for my

example service

calls.

As always,

if you got value

out of this, please

subscribe

to the channel, hit

that like button.

let’s get you out

in the field

making money.

I’ll see you in

the next video.

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